Steroid refers to a class of organic compounds with similar structure, which contains four carbon rings. Steroids can be further divided into two types: anabolic steroids and corticosteroids. Among these, anabolic steroid has the capability to build muscle in humans and other animals, whereas corticosteroids are helpful in treating allergies and diseases. This is the reason you will not find any application of corticosteroids among bodybuilders in general. However, anabolic steroid is taken by body builders as well as sportsmen and sportswomen to improve their strength and build in the gymnasium.
More about Anabolic Steroid
Anabolic steroids are nothing but synthetic compounds that mimic the chemical structure and behavior of testosterone. Testosterone is necessary for the human body, because it is the male sex hormone, and helpful in the development of muscle mass in any bodybuilder. In this context, it should be noted that excessive amount of anabolic steroids in anyone with normal levels of testosterone can result in unpredictable and uncontrolled growth in secondary sexual characteristics in men as well as women.
When we take anabolic steroids, out body breaks it into molecules that are then passed on to the cells. In our cells, the steroid molecules are bound to androgen receptors, which are structures in our cells. Androgen receptors are designed to bind with testosterone. Once steroids molecules are bound to androgen receptors, the latter are activated. By changing their activation, they can change how our genes and body behave.
Different Kind of Anabolic Steroid
Since anabolic steroids are synthetic or man-made molecules, there are some different types of such compounds that have been made by scientists in the labs, and which are available for public use. Some of the common ones are Stanozolol, Androstenedione, Methandrostenolone, and Trenbolone.
Studies have shown that men who use steroids gain up to 2 to 5 kilograms of muscles when they take them for up to 10 weeks continuously. Their strength was also increased by as much as 5% to 20%. Men were seen to gain muscles in their chest, shoulders, and upper arms, among other parts of the body. This is the primary reason they are so popular among bodybuilders.